The Kybalion: Hermetic Philosophy, originally published in 1908 by a person or persons under the pseudonym of "the Three Initiates", is a book claiming to be the essence of the teachings of Hermes Trismegistus.
The Eccentric Life and Philosophy of Diogenes of Sinope
Tao Te Ching (The Book Of The Way)
The Tao Te Ching, along with the Zhuangzi, is a fundamental text for both philosophical and religious Taoism. It also strongly influenced other schools of Chinese philosophy and religion, including Legalism, Confucianism, and Buddhism, which was largely interpreted through the use of Taoist words and concepts when it was originally introduced to China. Many artists, including poets, painters, calligraphers, and gardeners, have used the Tao Te Ching as a source of inspiration. Its influence has spread widely outside East Asia and it is among the most translated works in world literature.
For John Dewey there was nothing as important as education, not only on an individual level, but also on the societal. He was a champion of democracy and longed to see it thrive, but in order for this to occur he knew that we must first take the necessary steps to build an educational system which allowed for each citizen to make full use of his/her capacity.